Solutions to Exercises in Chapter 4 (Understanding Basic Music Theory)

Solutions to Exercises in Chapter 4 (Understanding Basic Music Theory) Solutions to Exercises   Solution to Exercise 4.1.1     Solution to Exercise 4.2.1     Solution to Exercise 4.2.2   Figure 4.59: If your answer is di erent, check to see if you have written a di erent enharmonic spelling (Section 1.1.5) of the … Read more

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Scales that are not Major or Minor (Understanding Basic Music Theory)

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Scales that are not Major or Minor (Understanding Basic Music Theory) 4.8 Scales that are not Major or Minor (Understanding Basic Music Theory)   4.8.1 Introduction   Sounds – ordinary, everyday “noises” – come in every conceivable pitch (Section 1.1.3) and groups of pitches. In fact, the essence of … Read more

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – The Circle of Fifths (Understanding Basic Music Theory)

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – The Circle of Fifths (Understanding Basic Music Theory) 4.7 The Circle of Fifths   4.7.1 Related Keys   The circle of fths is a way to arrange keys to show how closely they are related to each other.   Figure 4.44: The major key for each key signature is … Read more

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Harmonics, Intervals, and Instruments (Understanding Basic Music Theory)

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Harmonics, Intervals, and Instruments (Understanding Basic Music Theory) 4.6 Harmonic Series II: Harmonics, Intervals, and Instruments   4.6.1 Frequency and Interval   The names of the various intervals, and the way they are written on the sta , are mostly the result of a long history of evolving musical … Read more

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Interval (Understanding Basic Music Theory)

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Interval (Understanding Basic Music Theory) 4.5 Interval (Understanding Basic Music Theory)   4.5.1 The Distance Between Pitches The interval between two notes is the distance between the two pitches – in other words, how much higher or lower one note is than the other. This concept is so important … Read more

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Minor Keys and Scales (Understanding Basic Music Theory)

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Minor Keys and Scales (Understanding Basic Music Theory) 4.4 Minor Keys and Scales   4.4.1 Music in a Minor Key Each major key uses a di erent set of notes (its major scale (Section 4.3.2: Major Scales)). In each major scale, however, the notes are arranged in the same … Read more

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Major Keys and Scales (Understanding Basic Music Theory)

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Major Keys and Scales (Understanding Basic Music Theory)   4.3 Major Keys and Scales   The simple, sing-along, nursery rhymes and folk songs we learn as children; the “catchy” tunes used in advertising jingles; the cheerful, toe-tapping pop and rock we dance to; the uplifting sounds of a symphony: … Read more

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Half Steps and Whole Steps (Understanding Basic Music Theory)

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Half Steps and Whole Steps (Understanding Basic Music Theory) 4.2 Half Steps and Whole Steps The pitch of a note is how high or low it sounds. Musicians often nd it useful to talk about how much higher or lower one note is than another. This distance between two … Read more

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Octaves and the Major-Minor Tonal System (Understanding Basic Music Theory)

Notes and Scales: Chapter 4 – Octaves and the Major-Minor Tonal System (Understanding Basic Music Theory) 4.1 Octaves and the Major-Minor Tonal System 4.1.1 Where Octaves Come From Musical notes, like all sounds, are made of sound waves. The sound waves that make musical notes are very evenly-spaced waves, and the qualities of these regular … Read more

Harmony and Form: Chapter 5 – Form (Understanding Basic Music Theory)

Harmony and Form: Chapter 5 – Form (Understanding Basic Music Theory) 5.7 Form (Harmony and Form) 5.7.1 Form is the Basic Structure Every piece of music has an overall plan or structure, the “big picture”, so to speak. This is called the form of the music. It is easy to recognize and grasp the form … Read more